We inform you of Female-to-female transmission that is sexual of

We inform you of Female-to-female transmission that is sexual of

Key points

  • The possibility of female-to-female intimate transmission is exceedingly uncommon, with just a handful of reported situations.
  • HIV-positive women that identify as lesbian might have obtained HIV through inserting medication sex or use with males.
  • Transmission is achievable through sharing of adult toys and experience of bloodstream while having sex.

When it comes to the problem of female-to-female intimate transmission it really is essential to draw a difference involving the danger of transmission by this path and diagnoses of HIV disease in females whom identify as lesbian. There were only six reported instances of woman-to-woman transmission that is sexual and these reports must be seen with the exact same care as some other situation reports of transmission through dental sex (cunnilingus).

Into the very early many years of the epidemic, investigations of this supply of disease in United States ladies failed to spot any ukrainian bride instances of female-to-female transmission. For instance, a 1992 followup of all of the 144 ladies identified as HIV-positive through the bloodstream contribution solutions in the US interviewed 106 women, and identified just three that has had sex with ladies. A few of these ladies had other danger facets: either drug that is injecting or genital sexual intercourse with men (Chu).

An study that is italian of HIV-discordant lesbian partners who was simply monogamous lovers for at the very least 90 days just before recruitment and who had been followed for half a year found no seroconversions happened during this time period. Three-quarters regarding the partners reported sharing adult toys and almost all partners reported dental intercourse (Raiteri).

In 2003 an incident report of female-to-female intimate HIV transmission had been posted. Medical practioners recommend the girl might have been infected through sharing adult toys after drug-resistance tests discovered striking similarities between your genotypes regarding the girl along with her feminine HIV-positive partner (Kwakwa).

The truth has to do with a woman that is 20-year-old offered HIV infection having had a bad HIV test result six months earlier in the day. The lady have been in a monogamous lesbian relationship for yesteryear couple of years, and denied having had every other intimate lovers, man or woman. She had never ever inserted drugs or gotten bloodstream services and products, together with no tattoos or body piercings. The couple’s intimate techniques included the sharing of adult sex toys, and dental intercourse. These tasks failed to happen during menstruation, but adult sex toys had periodically been utilized vigorously sufficient to draw bloodstream.

Her partner that is bisexual was to be HIV good, and it is considered to be the foundation of disease as a result of similarities observed if the two ladies underwent genotypic drug-resistance tests. The woman that is 20-year-old contaminated with multidrug-resistant HIV.

The detectives noted that this is basically the “first reported situation of female-to-female intimate transmission of HIV sustained by identification of similar HIV genotypes when you look at the source client while the receiver”.

In 2014, an additional instance report had been posted, at this juncture supported by phylogenetic analysis, which indicated that the hereditary sequences for the viruses infecting the 2 ladies had been very associated (Chan).

The report has to do with a 46-year-old girl whom seemingly have obtained HIV within a six-month monogamous HIV serodiscordant intimate relationship by having a woman that is 43-year-old. She had possessed an antibody that is negative a couple of months before seroconversion infection and diagnosis.

Her feminine partner have been formerly clinically determined to have HIV but had fallen away from health care and wasn’t getting therapy that is antiretroviral. The newly identified girl had hardly any other present danger factors for HIV, such as for instance heterosexual sexual intercourse, inserting medication use, or even more unusual modes of HIV transmission such as for example tattooing, acupuncture, transfusion or transplant.

Is the lips, for instance a medication taken by lips.


A drug-resistant HIV strain is the one that is less vunerable to the consequences of 1 or even more anti-HIV medications as a result of a build up of HIV mutations with its genotype. Opposition could be the results of an undesirable adherence to treatment or of transmission of an virus that is already resistant.

Kissing, licking or drawing someone else’s genitals, in other words. fellatio, cunnilingus, a blow work, providing mind.

danger element

An element of individual behaviour or lifestyle, an ecological visibility, or your own attribute this is certainly considered related to disease or perhaps a condition that is medical.

instance report

Defines the medical background of a solitary client.

The few reported regularly having unprotected dental and contact that is vaginal making use of insertive adult toys which were shared among them. They described their intimate contact as at times rough to the stage of inducing bleeding and connection with menstrual bloodstream.

The final two situation states both sharing that is involved of toys and experience of blood while having sex.

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