A typical blunder whenever combining sentences with the – ing

A typical blunder whenever combining sentences with the – ing

Hanging Modifiers

A mistake that is common combining sentences making use of the – ing verb form would be to misplace the modifier such that it is certainly not logically attached to the remaining portion of the phrase. This produces a dangling modifier . Glance at the following example:

Running over the parking great deal, my breathing expanded ragged and superficial.

In this sentence, jogging over the parking area generally seems to alter my breathing. The sentence should be rewritten so that the subject is placed immediately after the modifier or added to the dangling phrase since breath cannot jog.

Running over the parking great deal, we felt my breath grow ragged and shallow.

Joining Modifier

Some sentences may be combined utilizing an – ed verb type— stopped, finished, played. To utilize this process, one of many sentences must include a form of be as an assisting verb besides the – ed verb type. Have a look at the example that is following

Initial sentences: The Jones family members had been delayed by a traffic jam. They arrived a long time after the celebration began.

Revised sentence: Delayed by a traffic jam, the Jones family members arrived hours that are several the celebration began.

When you look at the initial variation, had been will act as an assisting verb —it does not have any meaning on it’s own, nonetheless it acts a grammatical function how to write an apa abstract by putting the primary verb ( delayed) when you look at the perfect tense.

In order to connect two sentences utilizing an – ed modifier, drop the assisting verb ( had been) plus the topic ( the Jones household) through the phrase with an – ed verb type. This kinds a modifying expression ( delayed by a traffic jam) that may be put into the end or beginning associated with other phrase based on which fits best. Just like the – ing modifier, be cautious to position your message that the expression modifies just after the expression to avoid a dangling modifier.

Making use of ing that is – ed modifiers might help streamline your writing by drawing apparent connections between two sentences. Have a look at exactly how Naomi might utilize modifiers in her own paragraph.

The revised form of the essay uses the – ing modifier opting to draw a connection between your government’s decision to bail out of the banking institutions and also the results of that decision—the purchase for the mortgage-backed securities.

Joining >Another strategy that authors utilize to mix sentences is to join them employing a clause that is relative. a general clause is a band of terms which has a topic and a verb and defines a noun. Relative clauses work as adjectives by responding to concerns such as which one? or what type? Relative clauses start with a general pronoun, such as for example whom, which, where, why, or whenever. See the following examples:

Initial sentences: The handling manager is going to the business a few weeks. He lives in Seattle.

Revised sentence: The handling director, who lives in Seattle, is visiting the business a few weeks.

In order to connect two sentences utilizing a member of family clause, replacement the topic of among the sentences ( he) for a family member pronoun ( whom). This provides that you clause that is relative who lives in Seattle) that may be put beside the noun it defines ( the handling director). Remember to maintain the phrase you need to stress because the primary clause. For instance, reversing the primary clause and subordinate clause into the preceding phrase emphasizes where in fact the managing manager life, maybe maybe maybe not the truth that he could be visiting the business.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, who’s going to the business a few weeks, life in Seattle.

General clauses are a good means of supplying extra, nonessential information in a phrase. Have a look at just exactly just how Naomi might integrate clauses that are relative her essay.

Notice the way the underlined general clauses can be removed from Naomi’s essay without changing this is associated with the phrase.

To check on the punctuation of general clauses, assess whether or otherwise not the clause may be removed from the phrase without changing its meaning. In the event that clause that is relative not important to this is associated with phrase, it ought to be put into commas. In the event that general clause is important to this is of this phrase, it doesn’t need commas around it.

Joining >An appositive is term or band of words that describes or renames a noun or pronoun. Incorporating appositives into the writing is just a of good use means of combining sentences which are too brief and choppy. Take a good look at the example that is following

Initial sentences: Harland Sanders began food that is serving hungry people in 1930. He could be Colonel Sanders or “the Colonel.”

Revised phrase: Harland Sanders, “the Colonel,” started food that is serving hungry tourists in 1930.

Into the revised phrase, “the Colonel” is an appositive since it renames Harland Sanders. To mix two sentences having an appositive, drop the niche and verb through the sentence that renames the noun and transform it right into a expression. Observe that within the previous instance, the appositive is put soon after the noun it defines. An appositive may be put anywhere in a phrase, however it must come directly before or following the noun to which it relates:

Appositive after noun: Scott, a badly trained athlete, had not been anticipated to win the battle.

Appositive before noun: a poorly trained athlete, Scott had not been likely to win the competition.

Unlike general clauses, appositives are often punctuated by a comma or a group commas. Take a good look at the way Naomi makes use of appositives to incorporate extra facts in her essay.


By yourself sheet of paper, rewrite the sentence that is following as one phrase making use of the strategies you have got discovered in this area.

  1. Baby sharks are known as pups. Pups could be created in just one of 3 ways.
  2. The Pacific Ocean may be the world’s ocean that is largest. It runs through the Arctic within the north into the Southern Ocean when you look at the south.
  3. Michael Phelps won gold that is eight within the 2008 Olympics. He could be a champ swimmer.
  4. Ashley introduced her colleague Dan to her spouse, Jim. She speculated that each of them might have a complete lot in accordance.
  5. Cacao is harvested by hand. It really is then sold to companies that are chocolate-processing the Coffee, Sugar, and Cocoa Exchange.

Please share by having a classmate and compare your responses.

Writing in the office

As well as varying phrase structure, give consideration to varying the sorts of sentences you may be making use of in a written report or any other workplace document. Most sentences are declarative, but very carefully put question, exclamation, or demand can pique peers’ interest, even in the event the material that is subject fairly dry. Suppose a budget is being written by you analysis. Starting a rhetorical question to your report, such as “Where is our cash going?” or “How can we increase product sales?” encourages individuals to read on to find out of the responses. Although they ought to be used sparingly in educational and expert writing, concerns or commands work well rhetorical products.

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